CRAMPS
Wednesday, October 10, 2018 at 2:54PM
Dr. Martin Dziak in cramps

A cramp is a spontaneous or involuntary electrical activity of a large number of muscle fibres that quickly develops into a painful, sustained contraction (muscle spasm).

 Cramps can be divided into two categories:

1.         Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramps (EAMC)

2.         Nocturnal or nighttime Cramps

1-What Causes Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramps (EAMC)?

 

 

2- What Causes Nocturnal Cramps?

 

 

Other Causes of Cramps

Leg cramps that occur during daily activities and also during the nighttime should be investigated in a bit more detail to rule out the following medical conditions:

 

 

Medications that Cause Cramps

Finally, some medications can induce cramping such as, but not limited to: diuretics, calcium channel blockers - such as nifedipine, long-acting ß2-agonists, steroids, lithium, statins, cimetidine.

NOTE: if you are concerned that your medication may be causing cramps please consult your doctor or pharmacist.

What to do When You Cramp

If you experience a cramp, the quickest way to relieve it is to stretch it out - i.e. if you get a cramp in your calf, stretch your calf by pulling your toes towards your knee. There is some evidence showing that drinking a highly salty drink (e.g. pickle juice) can relieve a cramp. Finally, it sounds simple but moves out of the position that caused you to cramp.

If cramps are a regular occurrence for you, see one of our physiotherapists for a stretching routine that will ease the cramp when it comes on but also prevent it from occurring.

How to Prevent a Cramp

 

 

Treatment for Cramps

The first and foremost priority of treatment for cramps is identifying the root cause of your cramps. Whether this be tight muscles, over-exercising or a cause that requires further investigation. Our physiotherapists are experienced in finding out what it is that is causing your cramps and will point you in the right direction.

 

  Article cited from: https://physioworks.com.au/injuries-conditions-1/cramps

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